An educational method which is based on liberty must intervene in order to help the child regain it; that is, to lessen as far as possible the social bonds which limit his activity… That is why the first form of educational intervention ought to have as its object the leading of the child along the path of independence. One cannot be free without being independent.
— Maria Montessori, 1972

In understanding how freedom and responsibility play the roles in each individual’s self-construction we need to see the hierarchy the way Maria Montessori saw it. Everything starts with freedom, which Maria Montessori linked with independence, which, in turn, help develop will and self-discipline, and then, based on that foundation, responsibility kicks in to play its role. This hierarchy clearly seen in the early stages of development although later, when every factor has been experienced and practiced for some time, the distinction will not be as obvious as before. All the factors will start to work in unison, affecting and reinforcing each other. Once the process has been started it goes on throughout life.

…-> (Freedom <-> Independence) <-> (Will <-> Self-discipline) <-> Responsibility <-…


Freedom and Independence

Freedom is the main concept of the Montessori approach. Montessori defined the word freedom as an individual’s opportunity and ability to act at will without compulsion or restraint. She saw freedom as the first level of independence. Through activities children of all ages experience, practice, and learn freedom and independence. In the elementary years those activities are making and maintaining friendships and relationships, reading, writing and calculating.

The child must learn by his own individual activity, being given a mental freedom to take what he needs, and not to be questioned in his choice. Our teaching must only answer the mental needs of the child, never dictate them.
— Maria Montessori, To Educate the Human Potential

Whenever one hears the word freedom he can imagine that it is a possibility of doing whatever one wishes, without consideration of others of the consequences of their action. This is not Montessori’s view on freedom which includes the important role of within limits. Limits must be reasonable and balanced. How a guide would bring in the concept of a limit would roughly sound like this:  “You may choose any work that you have had a lesson on during your work period.”

Another facet of freedom is the mental freedom. The children are free from the interference and free to find their own solutions and answers. This mental freedom allows the children to self-educate themselves and from their own decisions. This, in turn, leads to development of an independent mind, capable of forming its own judgments and making own choices.

Will and Self-discipline

Discipline comes from within, not without. It manifests in an environment created in order to enable the child to choose, engage in, and concentrate upon a meaningful activity.

Discipline and freedom are so co-related that if there is some lack of discipline, the cause is to be found in some lack of freedom.
— Maria Montessori, 1976

Persistence and concentration in works at hand is the foundation of the will. A.S. Neill observed, the “healthy child cannot be idle” (Summerhill, p.65). Montessori came to the same conclusion and devised a plethora of activities related to the interests and abilities of the elementary children.

Montessori identified that making a decision is an action of the will. The ability to decide frees the child from the need for others to decide for him, thus a new level of independence is achieved. By exercising in making decisions the child gains and develops a balance between impulse and restriction, which leads to self-discipline. Self-discipline is manifested when the child controls his activity utilizing the developed will. For this reason, Montessori material is design to have the child make decisions and therefore develop the will.

We call an individual disciplined when he is master of himself and can, therefore, regulate his own conduct when it shall be necessary to follow some rule of life…
— Maria Montessori, 1974


Responsibility implies the ability not just to decide but to decide what is within expectations and limits. It requires a level of skill and knowledge that enables the child to carry out the task appropriately and effectively. Dr. Montessori asserts that we should never give a child a responsibility for which he is not ready.

Responsibility is related to accountability and acceptance of consequences. In a Montessori classroom, accountability to self is the focus. By exercising and practicing making decisions and acting upon them, the child develops conscience and psychological independence, which engenders an acceptance of the consequences for their actions.

Responsibility is the climax of the child’s development.

Peek inside the Elementary Classrooms


Hello Falcon Parents!!!

This month the children were working diligently on the finishing all the works and follow ups collected in their folders. When they had them finished they were expressing a great feeling of accomplishment and were proud of themselves.

There were several lessons in May that attracted the students the most. In history it was: Fundamental Human Needs, where the students decided to make their own sets of cards for the historical development of Food and Land Transport; and Stories about Different Civilizations where two of them were studied in details - Aztecs and Sumerians. In geography the students were fascinated with seasons, solstices, equinoxes, unequal days and nights during different seasons and the fruit of it was a skit and a diorama.

There was an explosion in baking. The students were inspired to follow up many of the lessons from different subjects be that history, geometry, or geography. While they were baking they solved a lot of math problems, reinforced their reading comprehension, and practiced their going out skills. All those experiences helped the children to bond with each other further and strengthened our community.

Before going for the summer break the children shared their plans with us about what they would do and they were excited to have these experiences. Hope you enjoy the time together and we look forward to listening to all fabulous stories in August.


Mr. Denis and Ms. Rebeca



Hello Coyote Parents!!

It has been an amazing year of developing imagination and curiosity into all aspects of learning, exploring and creating!

The children this month busied their lives to complete their works, research projects and accomplish goals set at the beginning of the year. The accomplishment of completion is a gift to the children of satisfaction, self-motivation to do more, and of opportunity to self-evaluate and set new goals for the new year. We look forward to see what will be their next areas of interest and concern.

The May lessons were filled with really taking a close look at language and its parts. The close evaluation of each words function provided a natural awareness and development in the use of verbal and written language. The children are writing stories, poems and biography work that extends their expression in the world. Also, we have introduced calligraphy in the classroom and experienced a love for beauty in the written word. The children enjoyed writing pen pal letters and a beautiful Mother's day card.

Geography and Geometry lessons provided a passage to understanding the world in a concrete comprehensible context. The class time was equally spent exploring the world outdoors in the garden as well as in the science center taking a close look at soil samples, close up on leaf samples, roots, seeds and bug parts. Gross but so interesting. Measuring objects in our environment and figuring out the perimeter, area, and volume was an opportunity for great collaborative work.

It is the last days before Summer Break and it is sad to end the school year when you can feel the brains buzzing in neuron snapping and hungry for more adventures of learning. Take you children out into the world and explore to expand their curiosities and imagination so they will be ready for a new school year of growth, development and lots of learning fun!!!!

Take good care of our Coyotes!!!


Mr. Fernando & Ms. Ada


Peek into Fly up Ceremony 2018


The Fly Up Ceremony is a Montessori tradition that honors the transition of the child from one stage to another. The growth and development of the child is celebrated and they are declared ready for their next stage in their journey through our curriculum. Students who are transitioning from one stage to another (ie: Lower Elementary to Upper Elementary) share with the student body their hopes and dream in moving into their new stage. They then are lead to cross through an arch built by the arms of their friends and are greeted on the other side by their new guide of the next stage of their development. It is a memorable moment that carries the honor and significance of a right of passage. This is a special ceremony that is cherished at Creo Montessori.

Our five amazing candidates have completed their full cycle in the Lower Elementary classroom. Each culminated with the honor of providing their community with leadership and accepting the responsibilities of being stewards of the world. It is a bitter sweet departure after spending 3 to 4 years with this amazing group and seeing step by step his/her growth and development, yet at the same time an honor and a hope to be in the know that the world will be a better place because of what we have shared together.

Congratulations to our candidates and to their parents who have partnered with us to nurture and inspire the leaders of the future. We wish all four of you an amazing continual journey in the Falcon’s Community!!!




Mr. Fernando & Mrs. Ada

AuthorDenis Samarin
We must tear out our hearts, cleanse them of prejudices and begin again so that the theory and the practice are one and the same. But there must be faith that the theory is really true in order to apply it, to put it into practice. We must believe that all beings develop by themselves, of themselves, and that we cannot do better than to not interrupt that development. We must confess to ourselves that the psychic life of man is full of surprises for us.
— Maria Montessori, The California Lectures of Maria Montessori, 1915

Human beings are born with certain potentials, which respond to the environment in which individuals find themselves. Human beings can live and grow in any conditions that they find – Hot deserts, humid forests, and vast plains. Human beings are unique, because they are able to adapt to almost any situation.

For optimal self-construction to occur, children need a community. Human beings are social by their nature, and we know that children learn by absorbing information from their environments. It is this self-construction that occurs within a particular society and setting that leads not only to adaptation, but to the development of specific preferences. It was Montessori's hope that once the child had adapted to a particular culture, adaptation would continue. The next step in an individual's adaptation is adaptation to the human community. Individuals who take this crucial step have the potential to profoundly change our world - leading to a more peaceful and harmonious world, which was one of Montessori's objectives.

The support of self-construction, Montessori discovered, was not so much in our direct interactions with children as it was in our work to provide an environment that supported each child's efforts to self-construct. The environment alone was not enough, however. Montessori also discovered that the children must be given the freedom to work spontaneously in this prepared environment if they are to achieve maximum development.

We give aid to life. Our objective is the support of the total development of each child. Our curriculum and methods are based upon the changing nature of the child across the years of development. Our role is that of servant to the child: we prepare and maintain the environment and link the children to it by giving presentations. Then, we stand back and allow the children to work - moving forward only to introduce a new aspect of the environment, or to assist when the children request that we do so. As servants, we also serve as models for the children, and one of our hopes that the children with whom we work will one day decide that it is time for them to serve.

The child’s work is nothing more or less than man-building! Day after day, hour after hour, from minute to minute, that incessant labor goes on. There must be no break in his activities, for that would mean death. He must surmount every obstacle in his path, he must vanquish every difficulty. Humanity, unaware of what it is doing, has blocked his path of development with countless difficulties; so that the child’s labor through the ages has been broken by cries of lamentation and drenched in tears. Now that we know what he suffers; now that we realize the fatal consequences of frustrating this development which goes to form the man, we have been awakened to the consciousness of the need for a new kind of social crusade - a social crusade on behalf of the noblest of beings, the leas protected of all workers - the child. Let humanity awake! Let her give the child such conditions of living as he requires - if he is to achieve his task - which is sacred - no longer amid strife and lamenting, but full of joy, and aided by the society in which he lives.
— Maria Montessori, A Message from Maria Montessori in December, 1935

Peek into the Elementary Classrooms


AuthorDenis Samarin
There is no description, no image in any book that is capable of replacing the sight of real trees, and all the life to be found around them, in a real forest. Something emanates from those trees which speaks to the soul, something no book, no museum is capable of giving. The wood reveals that it is not only the trees that exist, but a whole, interrelated collection of lives. And this earth, this climate, this cosmic power are necessary for the development of these lives. The myriads of lives around the trees, the majesty, the variety are things one must hunt for, and which no one can bring into the school.
— Maria Montessori, From Childhood to Adolescence, p.19

What Is the Goal of the Montessori Going Out Program?

The goal of going out is exploration. The lessons about all aspects of the universe are given in the classroom, although the universe itself doesn't fit into the classroom. The presentations become alive when experienced in the real world and then reflected upon. One of the ways to encourage the children to go out into the world, society and the universe is to limit the resources in the classroom. Lessons, few selected books and specimens in the classroom spark children's interests and then to continue with the growth of the interest the children have to go out: to the library, to a museum, to a land site, to a local explorer, to a store, etc.

The place of outing becomes an extension of the classroom, their library, their laboratory. The world itself becomes a laboratory for their experiments. Everything that they learn this way becomes alive, vivid, takes multidimensional shape, and wires their minds accordingly, the knowledge received in the classroom then experienced in the world matches their learning becomes solidified in the brain.

How Does the Montessori Going Out Look Like?


Going Out involves small groups of children (usually two to four) that have questions about a specific topic they are researching (or real work they are extending). The children prepare every aspect of the outing by seeking and arranging all the logistics: decide where they are going, who they will speak to, what they want to find out, map out where they are going, and how will they get there, just to mention a few. Thus the Going Out experiences are always arranged by the children. The role of the adult is to provide guidance when requested and support the children as needed. Usually the first few outings more support is provided and then the children are able to manage more independently.  

How Can the Montessori Going Out Be Supported at Home?

Montessori guides and Montessori parents can work together in the development of the children's skill sets such as: planning and executing an outing, packing a lunch, hiking endurance, grace and courtesy. It is a good practice to talk before the event of the social expectations of the outing so the child can successfully behave in a manner that fits the occasion and have a positive experience. The adults whenever there is a going out from the home environment to a new place (or rarely visited) can use the opportunity to invite the child to plan with them and be an active participant. That preparation helps to develop a sense of responsibility, inclusion, security, confidence, and comfort. The child is then engaged in the outing and is a active member of society. 

During this age (6-12 years) parents have an immense opportunity in the children's formation. It is the optimum time to help the children in constructing a sturdy foundation for the rough adolescent and teen years in future. The children of this age are still dependent and are yearning more independence therefore the parents need to provide them opportunity of self-direction, especially outside the home. When parents are alert to their children's interests and needs they become partners to their child's discoveries. Parents get the opportunity to be a mentor and be with their child to answer a great number of questions about society and their place within it, who they are and why they are here, meaning of life and death, and all these kinds of questions that allow the child and the parent have a deep connection because of these amazing  conversations.


Peek inside the Elementary classrooms

Coyote Classroom:

Hello Coyote Parents!

The children are moving in all directions according to their refinement of interest. It is always wonderful to see the process of a presenting an inspiring lesson move into a specific area of study. For instance working with the Time Line of Life (which tells the story of life known on earth since the very beginning of fossil history) the group studies together then they each contribute by taking a specific area of interest to explore than come back together to compose as a group the project. To be collaborators and working as a team is a unique experience of project management and many social grace and courtesies (listening, positive feedback, accountability of completing what was promised, and acknowledging each others strengths and helping with areas of growth).

The beautiful weather has brought a new interest in botany studies and outdoor activities. Please take advantage of their curiosity and go places. Take pictures and have them describe what they see, tell the tale of the adventure and discover what great things are in their world in plain view when you look,

We are gearing up for the upcoming trip to Tonto Creek and are very excited to see the outcomes when they return to the classroom and complete their final projects.


Have a wonderful adventure with your precious child, we are being generous and don't want to have all the fun!! 


Mr. Fernando and Ms. Ada



Falcon Classroom:

Dear Falcon Parents,

The children are working deliberately on the follow ups directing their energy evenly among all the subjects of the Cosmic Education.  Although the biggest excitement and interest is in the areas of geography and history lessons.

A couple of groups finished their researches and presented their discoveries to the classmates. 

There is a big interest in sewing. The children came up with some sewing project ideas like making a journal cover, pillow, or even a quilt. This interest brings alive many skills that are learned in the classroom: calculating measurements (all four operations are utilized in the process), fractions, and then measuring fabric; eye-hand coordination when fitting all pieces together. Children are excited to work with their hands in making something that they value. Thank you very much for supporting this interest by buying fabrics for your child so they can use it in the classroom to enhance their creativity.


Mr. Denis and Ms. Rebeca

AuthorDenis Samarin
Our experience with children in elementary schools has shown us that the age between six and twelve years is a period of life during which the elements of all sciences should be given. It is a period that, psychologically, is especially sensitive and might be called the “sensitive period of culture” during which the abstract plane of the human mind is organized.
— Maria Montessori, From Childhood to Adolescence, p. 85

To teach to the human potential in the Elementary environments, Maria Montessori utilized the study of the Earth in both its physical composition and the cultural development of man in relationship to geography. Montessori closely linked all living things as interdependent through the concrete work of experiments, observation, impressionistic charts and map exploration, and left open the possibilities of further study outside the classroom (Going Outs). The curriculum of Geography can be divided into two segments: Physical studies and cultural studies of the Earth. In this article, you will be presented the aspects and importance of the study of Geography and how the work in this field contributes to the delivery of the complete Cosmic Education curriculum.

The subject of Earth’s evolution through time opens up endless topics for study in both physical and cultural geography that can be presented by the teacher or created by the child’s driven interest or inquiry. The class starts each year with the Great Story, “God Who Has No Hands” and throughout the remainder of the year depending on the interest revealed by the children further exploration will be made possible. Concepts and inquiry are brought to life in form of scientific investigation. Science experiments demonstrate in an observable and provable manner the answers to the Natural & Universal Laws that children naturally ask about. The children get to discover for themselves by reasoning a conclusion based on their hands on experiment, observation, and experience. A child might explore for instance: how gravity is a force that can’t be seen but can be proven that it exists or that water has three states of matter (solid, liquid, gas - ice, water, vapor).

Mankind’s impact and relationship with the Earth is given a close view in the studies of Cultural Geography. A child can explore, analyze and reason in a group conversation what he sees are the needs of humans and plot on a chart how living things are interdependent. The idea of the role of the Earth interconnecting all living things is a motif that continues throughout the six years of the Cosmic Education curriculum where the child will immerse himself in different aspects of geographical cultural studies as well as in other disciplines such as History, Art or Music.

The exploration of culture begins with concrete examples of the home culture. Then it is expanded from the home culture to other cultures and other places. The guide presents as many aspects of culture as possible throughout the year(s) to set the attitude that all cultures are valuable and deserving of respect and inquiry. The child gets a view of what is universal and what is different in the context of physical and political geography. They then can consider what commonalities can be found in the different cultures.

No matter what we touch, an atom, or a cell, we cannot explain it without knowledge of the wide universe.  What better answer can be given to those seekers for knowledge?  It becomes doubtful whether even the universe will suffice.  How did it come into being?  How will it end?  A greater curiosity arises, which can never be satiated; so will last through a lifetime.  The laws governing the universe can be made interesting and wonderful to the child, more interesting even than things in themselves, and he begins to ask:  What am I?  What is the task of man in this wonderful universe?  Do we merely live here for ourselves, or is there something more for us to do?  Why do we struggle and fight?  What is good and evil?  Where will it all end?
— M. Montessori, To Educate the Human Potential, p. 6

In a period of six years the second plane child will have the opportunity to explore the many aspects of the study of geography in a way that their imagination is fully empowered and fueled by points of interest. Some of the series of lessons that are presented and can be studied in depth throughout the elementary years are:

  • The Composition of the Earth: all of earth’s history as a planet and the study of how the Earth works. The physical understanding of the layers of the Earth both visible and not visible including the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere (crust), and barysphere (mantle and core). Further studies involve geological studies on the formation of mountains, fault lines, continental drift, and volcanoes and its impact on life’s development.
  • Work of Water: the study of how water impacts the Earth and how it is vital to all living beings. The Work of Water studies attracted Maria Montessori the most. It was one of her biggest interests and fascination. She talked about the water as,
a toiler that sculpts the land, how it builds and transforms by dissolving other substances to make them more suitable, useful, and accessible for living things.
— (Maria Montessori)

 Children of all ages love water! They are fascinated by what it can do and how it moves. Cosmic Education brings to the child opportunities to work with water to serve their imagination. At the second plane of development, the urge is to understand the larger environment of the universe. Presenting this concept that water shapes the earth and the life on the planet. How the Earth got its current shape and topography together with the perfect balance of oxygen, carbon, and life is a deduction that the children can make as they build their understanding linking presentations.

The study of Water begins with a presentation of the River Model that represents how water moves from mountain to sea and shows some of the forces at work. Water carves, carries, and deposits. These presentations leave children with a fascination, awe, and eagerness to learn more about how this powerful force influences the face of the planet and life on it. Then follows the work of physical/topographical maps that show the location of principal rivers of the world and various continents, and discussions are held on the cultural significance of the rivers. Further work: Erosion caused by rain, rivers, glaciers and oceans, the water cycle. The children are immersed in many possibilities of exploration of the work of water on our planet and will in some way concretely see, create, research and produce products of their own (models, timelines, maps, etc…).

  • Work of Wind: the study of the function that wind has in our daily lives. Work of Wind studies begin with a set of experiments to spark the child’s imagination and show how air takes up space, how it moves upward when heated, how cool air flows in to replace the rising air, which leads to a series of presentation about the movements of air (global winds) in the atmosphere. Further work: heating and cooling of the earth and its effects on water, sea currents, seasons, local weather patterns, and erosive power of the air. All these studies are interconnected to the Great Story of  “God Who Has NO Hands” and the Creation of the Universe where the laws governing everything is proven through Command Card-Experiments.
  • Interdependencies & Fundamental Needs: the study of how all living things are inter-connected and necessary for the balance of survival. The Fundamental Needs Chart is a visual tool that the children can use to clearly plot out the particulars of a given culture with an illustrative common ground for all humanity in the present and past. The essential needs of man and how he meets each need in the particular time and space that he lives is an eye opening experience for the children. They begin to see the world’s diversity based on significant geographical differences, land composition and the climate, rather than a view based on historical context, personal difference and separation. The guide presents political geography as the creation of man to organize his world into social structures and governments based on topography, climate and time zones, vegetation and necessity.
  • Economic and Political Geography: the children learn the use of an Atlas and maps to plot their findings of a particular region, state or country. What is produced, the natural resources and man-made resources, impact of weather, topography; the study in political geography is an exciting work for children of this age because they have a drive for orientation and need to map out their growing surroundings.
  • Migrations of People and its Effects:  the study of how people travel across vast regions, countries, and continents to survive and meet their essential needs. Through the study of the Migration of People the children learn that they are not only the children of a given family but also the children of the Earth. The activity of investigating migration of people gives the child a connection with his world and compares it to any other place in the world or any other time. The reasoning mind has an opportunity to compare and contrast, analyze and draw conclusions.


The Cosmic Education Curriculum gives the study of Geography a very important task: to help in the creation of the human mind during the ages of six to twelve. The guide has a rich pool of lessons to share with the students that will lead the child to self-discovery of the world and who they are in relationship to the world. Physical and cultural geography, History, Language, Archaeology, Anthropology, Art and Science are studies that serve as entry to the reasoning mind. The purposeful interest and inspiration to discover and create one's individual identity and social identity is given opportunity for exploration and discovery. Each child will find their place in the world and decipher their connection with every living thing. In the end of the conversation, it will be realized that everything is interconnected as Maria Montessori has intentionally guided us to see. Once accepted this conclusion, the child will begin to take ownership of their special role as man to be in service to all living things. Tied together are the topics of 

The guides provide key lessons that inspire and stimulate the child’s curiosity. From the points of the lesson each child or a group of children will take from the conversation what they found specifically interesting and create their own strand of investigation. They will create models, timelines, draw pictures and read books. The purposeful work of studying: political maps, flags and research on political identity, Time Line of Human Beings, migration and exploration of humans and animals, customs of different people around the world, economic geography and man’s role in protecting and caring for the environment is an unfolding of the individual as he relates to the world. The child has plenty of avenues to satisfy his or her curiosity and then relate his findings to life itself. Together with the work of the hands and the reasoning mind the Elementary child reaches the understanding that the Earth is in a sense our Mother and that human beings are the stewards for the generations to come.

To give the whole of modern culture has become an impossibility and so a need arises for a special method, whereby all factors of culture may be introduced to the six-year-old; not in a syllabus to be imposed on him, or with exactitude of detail, but in the broadcasting of the maximum number of seeds of interest.  These will be held lightly in the mind, but will be capable of later germination, as the will becomes more directive, and thus he may become an individual suited to these expansive times.
— M. Montessori, To Educate the Human Potential, p. 3-4.

Peek inside the elementary classrooms:


Dear Parents,


Happy New Year! I hope everyone had a wonderful winter break. It was great to see your children returning back to the classroom with ease and to listen to their adventures they’ve experienced during the break. 


Thank you for attending our Parent Night last week where we had the opportunity to glimpse into our Elementary Montessori Sleep-over. I hope this gave you a quick glance at how we as Montessori Guides offer your children opportunities to develop their independence. 

Having our library procedures fine tuned, we are excited to make our Going-Out program solidify. These types of Going-Outs will make your children  realize that all the answers they seeks for their projects, research or personal interest are not readily accessible in the classroom. With this concept in mind the child becomes aware of the outside world and this gears them towards independence. 

“While we may believe we are “helping” the child, in fact, any time the adult offers assistance or interrupts, she becomes an impediment to the child’s growth.”

In Academics, we are focusing on nurturing the imagination and the reasoning mind. We personalize lessons to each child to engage their reasoning mind. They are able to then make connections from one area to another which leads them  to arrive at abstraction in their own time & through their  own experiences. This simply means, they work in the environment gaining understanding and  carry over into  information into future lessons and experiences with ease.  

Enjoy your weekend with your precious ones.   


Mr. Fernando & Ms. Ada 



Dear Falcon Families,

In the new calendar year the students returned from the winter break with a strong drive for work.

The researches and writing stories that were put on hold during the preparation for the play as well as new stretches from new lessons come to life with new energy: bird and lichen researches, story about life in ancient Egypt, migrations, studies about the Earth. Researches about snakes and seals are in process of organizing going outs.

During read aloud times new books about grace and courtesy were read about stretching the minds, talking out of turn as a volcano, filling our invisible buckets with happiness and joy, and other books. The students love to hear and relate to these stories as well as our new classroom jokes, phrases, and games that come out from this amazing stories.

Every morning we start with singing songs and learning new ones (Bob Dylan's - Blowing in the Wind, and Harry Connick Jr.'s - Let There Be Peace on Earth.) We warm ourselves for new plays and musicals in future.

Oldest students are very excited to organize the Sleepover that is going to happen on February 22nd. But that is the story for another month!


Mr. Denis and Ms. Rebeca

AuthorDenis Samarin

“Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed".  UNESCO Constitution. 

Towards the end of Dr. Montessori’s brilliant career, she turned her focus on the vital role of how her followers will continue the work of building a peaceful society. As a result of her efforts to create a vehicle to bringing Peace Education into all the classrooms in the world, Dr. Montessori was nominated three times for the Nobel Prize (1949, 1950 and 1951). In Montessori’s book, Education and Peace, she outlines the importance and the rights of children. In her lectures after WWII, she calls for a focus on peace education and a mission to end the possibility of war through non-violence peace education. She was an adamant advocate for the rights of children and became directly involved in the founding of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).

As part of Dr. Montessori’s hope and desire for peace and compassion in mankind’s nature to each other, the children in Montessori classrooms learn to love in an active way,  not just by conceptual ideals and abstract words. It is quite amazing how through a simple presentation of the work of a Peacemaker livens the vitality of the children. Their actions show they are intrinsically moved to be called to be peaceful and care about our world, with statements such as  “Let’s go clean the playground!”, “Let’s not throw away recycled cans”, “Let’s play with a friend who is alone” or “Let’s sit a moment and look.”

By the time a child enters the elementary environment, they begin the process of their human tendencies to look out into the world looking for activities that satisfies their desire to make things better. The Montessori elementary guide provides preparation for the child’s emerging need to do community service work. This can be done through various ways like ecological studies, historical studies, reading biographies of peacemakers, cultural lessons, fundamental needs of all humans around the world and time, and practical life work in and out of the classroom.

When children begin to express their compassion and love for others, more importantly their desire to make a difference, the guide begins the work of preparation of Community Service projects through "going outs". These projects may include the following components:

Going Outs Play a Vital Role

Going Outs are necessary because it take the child into the world they want to be a part of and in a new framework see how they can independently contribute. The child can see with their own eyes and begin the process of figuring out their plan to make a difference. In Creo this groundwork has been set during with the children this year. We have enjoyed several successful experiences: Bake Sale for Hurricane Relief Fund, Thanksgiving Community feast (where they fed all the faculty & staff, and the children enjoyed a community luncheon and our first play production, The Quiltmaker’s Gift, an amazing story about the power of giving.

Soon the children will begin actively preparing, organizing and implementing their “Peacemaking work” both in the classroom and out. Everyone will be able to freely choose a cause that resonates with their heart and compassionate views. Some program ideas that have already emerged are: Cookies for Cancer fundraiser, save the Samutra Tigers, Animal Shelter volunteer work, a homeless campaign, and help the elderly do their chores. If we let them the list would go on and on. The children get inspired be each other and are free to choose where to get involved or they can create their own initiative. The long term impact of these experiences is immeasurable. We trust it will bring us one step closer to the ideals of creating a better world.

We look forward to the new beginnings for our Creo Elementary Students in 2018!

Elementary Team

Peek into the Elementary classrooms:



Dear Parents,


Happy New Year! I hope everyone had a wonderful winter break. It was great to see your children returning back to the classroom with ease and to listen to their adventures they’ve experienced during the break. 


Thank you for attending our Parent Night last week where we had the opportunity to glimpse into our Elementary Montessori Sleep-over. I hope this gave you a quick glance at how we as Montessori Guides work with your children and their independence. 


“While we may believe we are “helping” the child, in fact, any time the adult offers assistance or interrupts, she becomes an impediment to the child’s growth.”

In Academics, with the understanding of the child's active imagination and the reasoning mind carrying over to the second plane we personalize lessons to each child to engage their reasoning mind that enables them to arrive at abstraction. This simply means, they will be able to understand and carry over information into future learnings with ease. 


Having our library procedures fine tuned, we are excited to make our Going-Out program solidify. These types of Going-Outs will make your children  realize that all the answers they seeks for their projects, research or personal interest are not readily accessible in the classroom. With this concept in mind we are making the child aware of the outside world and gearing them towards independence. 


I hope every one will have a wonderful weekend. 




Mr.Fernando & Ms. Ada 



This month was commemorated by an explosion into writing stories and comic books. Another event that was very significant is working on a play "The Quiltmaker's Gift". The students went through all the stages of preparing the play: auditions, rehearsals, making props, etc. 

Have a great Christmas Break!!!

Mr. Denis and Ms. Rebeca

AuthorDenis Samarin

Our approach to history is different compared to traditional views. Here is a brief description by Maria Montessori. (Pamphlet – Cosmic – Education 1944)

"Certainly, like all other living beings, man has been endowed with instincts and impulses and consequently he has also sought the best conditions for himself, but if one considers the history of mankind one sees that one of the differences in man is the fact that he was not limited as to territory or climate but that he was destined to occupy the whole surface of the Globe.”  That is why we begin in the Universe in the Creation of Life and move the child to the creations on Earth, the continent, the state, the city, the neighborhood, the class community and the child as an individual. The greater view willl then allow for the subtleties of commonalities and with less emphasis of differences. 

As the child becomes aware of his greater environment he can notice all that contributes to keep the balance of nature and the possibility of his or her survival and existence. Once gratitude for all that is comes to the forefront of all our history impressions the greater joy and purpose of History studies jumps at the child to dive into the exploration and discovery of geography, science, zoology, biology to connect the web of interdependencies that man creates for himself in alignment with nature….. as Dr. Montessori planned: 

If one investigates further one sees that he used all that was in his environment: water, concrete, cosmic forces, sun, energies like electricity, nuclear energies, cosmic rays, etc., to transform the face of the Earth.  He has detached himself from nature to create with his work something above it, a Supranatura, so that to live today mankind must depend not on nature but on the work of man.

The picture of impressions we  put before children in the history of Humans the Creators (or recreators) of all that is known to us. The humans who are creating and working with their hands as well as guiding with their intellects are placed on center stage of our stories so the children can see how History is made. The History of Human beings is not only of who we know and remember by name, but are also unknown contributors and anonymous inventors of all our technology from the rock, to arrow head, to boomerang. In so many cases the ‘inventors’ names remain an unknown but this does not stop us from acknowledging their contribution and permitting ourself the opportunity to expand on what we have before us. One example is who created the first chair, or table? We know famous developers / inventors, but remember without creators of one thing they could not have done any of their work.

"Certainly man has become conscious of much of what was unconscious in the beginning, but he is not yet aware that to continue to exist he must arrive at what he works at now only intuitively; to make one nation that includes the whole of humanity."

Supranatura human beings not only create this, but also organize it. Maria Montessori used the term "Supranatura" to refer to the idea that everything that humans use have been created/invented by human hands. Society has come from needing to organizational/economical/protections/self-perfection reasons. 

We present these keys through Archeology, Anthropology and Art. We cover pre and recorded history. We start with the story of the Universe. Through the composition of the Earth, then how life presented itself through the careful preparation of the Earth, then how man comes to utilize the blessings of the Earth. We show through the story that because we have such a proven ability to adapt we can change our environment and because of this we can change this for good or evil. Early humans might have had the same sense for this and that of destiny. They may have had an idea as to what was in store for them on Earth. Humans are destined for greatness, but also capable of falling short.

We present the examples of how humans of all different parts of the work come together to construct physical territory through meeting their material and spiritual needs. We show children, life of the past belongs to so many human beings. Through our work we put the children in contact with intelligence of common man. So children can explore the idea of gratitude to the makers of our society. Maria Montessori was concerned about the disconnect between mankind. She believed in part this is what made war possible. So purposely in her work for the children she wanted to talk the language of peace, unity and interdependence.

"That he realizes it intuitively and works towards it is shown by the creation of the European Union, the United Nations, etc., but he still continues to talk about giving freedom to oppressed nations.  That shows that mankind still does not realize that ultimate progress can only be achieved by uniting together.  The whole world must become one nation.  It is not a question of being free or oppressed. It is a question of becoming aware that humanity is already so physically united that if something disastrous happens in some part of the world the consequences are felt throughout the whole."

When the child is ready for elementary, he turns psychologically outward towards his society. They need the opportunity to explore their society and must practice in wider society. Hero Worship is introduced through history lessons. The children will come to realize that there have been heroes throughout all times. There are heroes now and there will be heroes in the future. It is far more interesting and worthwhile for the child to look into the unknown with a touch of something they do know because from that point of view they can create and their creations are limitless. They invent ideas where they want to explore and have the freedom and resources to begin their quest as an individual or a group. 

Forming groups – As they form their own groups they are predicating their own culture and history. For example, forming secret languages is a by product of this experimentation. Through these lessons the child will come to realize that  building up a society needs cooperation. It is a significant point for human kind and children should get this exposure from a younger age.

The active imagination and work of the reasoning mind demands of the child not only to ask what but ask why and how? A sense of justice and morality plays an important part in their quest for history. For example, what is acceptable in one culture is not acceptable in another. Children want to know why, Code of morality and understand how moving to another environment will make people adapt to its surroundings as a survival mechanism.

Through grace and courtesy lessons we help them to build these skills in order to fit into a wider society. They are going through the same processes early humans went through. They come to realize that if we cooperate and share our tasks we could be efficient and a lot  more can be done. It is through group work that they will build these skills. 

Cosmic Education allows the child to appreciate this and they can make a difference; to change the past. If the child can understand themselves socially in the world, then also they can become aware of their contribution to the world among others. He will begin to appreciate contributions by others. Through these lessons we also making the child relate that all work is serving society. We must respect and be grateful for all the work that is done. 

Because it is the story of human beings, history is to be the center of Cosmic Education. We are guided by law and order just like animals and plants. Every year with our Great Lessons, this idea gets conveyed to the child. They also come to release that we are the species that have choice. If we don’t do good there will be consequences. These are the impressions the Guide tries to convey through the stories and lessons to the child leaving the seed as food for thought.

Peek into the Elementary Classrooms:


The Coyote classroom has been very busy preparing themselves for the next steps of Cosmic Education: purposeful going outs and handwork to further express their research and creative studies. We have had regular Friday cooking and baking and it has culminated this past week with our Thanksgiving feast. Yes! The children had a fantastic menu and fed the staff too! Turkey, mashed potatoes & gravy, sweet potato suffle, corn, cranberry sauce, salad, and apple pie.



We got a new reptile to our classroom this month - the Garter Snake. The students were excited to have a new member in our community and a student decided to make a research about Garter Snakes. There was a growth of interactions and collaboration with Coyotes classroom from which developed some more researches like French Revolution, Thanksgiving Day History, Pill Bug (Roly Poly). Another interest of some students in the classroom, Baseball Game, grew into a study about everything that is connected to that: rules, equipment, fields, teams, poems, songs, etc.

AuthorRuchira Fernando
Times have changed, and science has made great progress, and so has our work; but our principles have only been confirmed, and along with them our conviction that mankind can hope for a solution to its problems, among which the most urgent are those of peace and unity, only by turning its attention and energies to the discovery of the child and to the development of the great potentialities of the human personality in the course of its formation.
— Maria Montessori, 1930

Peace Education is at the root of our work in the Elementary Classroom. All lessons lead to the coming together of the human being in his environment today, yesterday and in the future. Without reservation after over fifty years of methodic scientific research all over the world, with children of all walks of life, Maria Montessori came to several universal unsuspected truths about child development:

All children regardless of opportunity manifest the same personality characteristics, all are born with limitless human potentialities, the same fundamental needs shared by all children manifested in the early years and are detrimental to their development, and most importantly, that no child was sterile to the possibilities of any other human being. Unconditional kindness, encouragement, and openness to opportunity are the work of the adult and the springboard for any child to succeed.
— Maria Montessori, Education and Peace

Maria Montessori did not stop at rethinking learning and how children develop to prepare a person for a career; she encouraged education to take a serious look at the problems of human and social development and actively take a stand to reforming education to reestablish humanity:

If one has grown up with a veneration for humanity, one will not consent to become an unconscious, destructive force to destroy humanity. Men will not lend themselves to those erroneous ways, which foolishly destroy the creators and maintainers of everything that provides for their existence. They will be unwilling to use the supernatural and universal powers, which they possess for a cosmic cataclysm to destroy the fruits of civilization. Having developed a conscience and sentiment towards human life, they will be incapable of cruelty; for cruelty belongs to a dead soul.
— Maria Montessori, Education and Peace

Peace Education lessons are purposefully integrated with Cosmic Education curriculum to give rise to the love for humanity and unity of all living things on our Earth and Universe. The children create their own manifestation of love for our fellow man in the classroom. Each one at an individual level and as a community member explores this possibility. To explain it further, Peace Education is not necessarily a planned lesson that we as guides create arbitrarily to give to the children with an established agenda in mind. We open up the conversation with the children based on their questions or curiosities. A commentary we may have overheard at lunch time or during work period where the child shares they have witnessed in their own natural daily life. We as guides use these points of inquiry as inspiration to grow their questions into more guided questions until they themselves are in a space of a Peace Education opportunity.

For instance, during one of our recess sessions a student showed up sad. A guide asked her what was wrong and she shared that her family was affected by the Hurricane in Texas and she was worried for her cousins. She brought this concern to our quiet mindful exercise. The whole group was guided into thinking about how the people in Texas must feel in that very same moment and the Children spontaneously began to share their gratitude for what they had and considered blessings. It was something they had been practicing in class as an exercise before eating lunch and now it was a tool they used to express how they were feeling and how they had many reasons to be hopeful. After that we worked in an activity where we had groups of 8-10 students and they were asked to help each other survive on a small boat to reach an island before the storm hit. It was an exercise of not only self-preservation but the greater moral duty of ensuring every ones safety. Some manifested their hidden leadership skills and took on the challenge and guided all to survive the storm. They celebrated each other, thanked the leaders, and through mindful discussion they shared their views on how it can be a scary thing facing natural forces and they realized only by reaching out and holding on to each other can they survive… can humanity survive.

These exercises give endless opportunity for great conversations and we invite the adults in the life of children to pay attention and give to them time and conversation to explore anything and everything that they bring to you as their point of interest and curiosity about our world. Any time you can, bring to them ways of exploring their own thoughts, purpose, and connectivity to other things they have learned. Remember it is not about answering their questions but to bring to them ways for to answer their own inquiries, in other words, as we do in class, present to them the opportunity for further study (prepare the environment or take them to a place that will give them what they need: a walk in the park where homeless people house themselves, a hill to witness the sun setting, kicking a ball together in different ways and studying the science of the effect of the kick, a sewing machine and a story of sewing with your mom, as you can plainly see … endless possibilities.)

Always start from your observations of their activities, their consistent curiosity in a subject, item, or topic, a particular request, inquiry, and act accordingly to their prompt. Be an active member of their self-construction. To culminate the activity, try to provide a special way that will be memorable and purposeful, so the child may witness the unity and universality shared.

The child, a free human being, must teach us and teach society order, calm, discipline, and harmony. When we help him love blossoms, too – the love of which we have great need to bring men together and create a happy life.
— Maria Montessori, Education and Peace

For instance, the 2017 Hurricane Season has been more active then normal. When Harvey made landfall in Texas it spontaneously opened an opportunity for the children an inquiry and relevant conversation about hurricanes and the people that it impacts. Many children were naturally upset because they have dear family members in Texas, Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico. Topics in meteorology, oceanography, geography, history, human culture and fundamental needs considerations evolved around this current event and the children knew it was more than just something to “research” but something that impacts real people. The children were able to explore this and begin the process of asking even more profound questions, such as: Why are there hurricanes? How could people be without water or electricity? How does this impact me, my family, my relatives…? And they dove down even deeper in evaluating: Well I am ok, so now I feel I should help do something for those who are not ok. Then their questions to us their guides transformed to: What can we do to help?

The wave of interest to find a cause to help, research needs, then to plan an event emerged. Both classrooms collaborating and mixing ideas to the cause. As time moved forward in a period of 25 short days their need to do something continued, and escalated as not 1 nor 2 but 4 hurricanes that made landfall in the U.S. territory this season and not thousands but hundreds of thousands of people affected.

The Bake Sale


Peace education is not about creating things for our children to show up for; Peace Education is all about the adult showing up for what the children create so they may bring peace in the world.

For instance, the Bake Sale: October 6th at Creo Montessori at 8 o'clock in the morning with a beautiful sun shining, coffee brewing, and yummy treats surrounding us all! Smiles of joy and inner satisfaction.

The children came up with the idea of a Bake Sale to raise money to be able to make a contribution to the cause of the Disaster victims after several conversations and continual Hurricane activity and news about people suffering and doing without their basic needs. Slowly but surely THEY made it happen of course with our vigilance and support. They organized: divided the jobs, advocated for their cause, prepared recipes, made treats at school and at home, posters, research and decorations. They had a blast and also they had a focus… raising funds. The joy in their faces at the Bake Sale when they checked off an item as Sold Out was priceless…

What was most beautiful was how all of you showed up and made the morning a glorious memory that the children can call upon as a victory. Friends, doing for the children will never give them even remotely close the same satisfaction as the child acting and doing for themselves. You can say you have witnessed this truth that day.  In standing out of the way, and allowing the child to do the adult helps them manifest independence responsibly and in their selected cause they begin the formation of the future peacemakers of our world! Parents and children together in the mindset of making a difference for someone unknown who we share this beautiful planet with is hope, love, and inspiration!

 The children’s first fundraiser of the year an amazing yummy Bake Sale! The children set a goal for 200.00 dollars, then said it would be nice to make 500.00, what could we do with 1,000, 5,000, a million dollars! The beginning of making the world a better place simple because WE CAN!!!!

Thank you for your participation, donation and love for these amazing human beings!!!

With greatest love,

Denis, Rebecca, Fernando and Ada

Peek into the Elementary Classrooms

AuthorDenis Samarin
If education is always to be conceived along the same antiquated lines of a mere transmission of knowledge, there is little to be hoped from it in the bettering of man’s future
— Maria Montessori (1870-1952)

It is a valid wonder the question, Why does the Montessori Method present the learning concepts to the children concretely before they have the expectation for the child to work abstractly. There is always the question: When is it the right time for children to work mathematics abstractly (paper only) as presented in traditional schools and concerns if the children are not going to be able to perform in a traditional setting.

First I would like to present the idea of concrete to abstract as defined by the Association Montessori Internacionale:

A progression both logical and developmentally appropriate. The child is introduced first to a concrete material that embodies an abstract idea such as size or colour. Given hands-on experience, the child’s mind grasps the idea inherent in the material and forms an abstraction. Only as the child develops, is she gradually able to comprehend the same idea in symbolic form.

The main idea to hold true to the Montessori Method is Dr. Montessori’s greatest belief that she expressed in everything she wrote and in every lecture she gave: “what the hand does, the mind remembers.” (M.M.) It is a hard rule she insisted upon, and it is feverishly given to the guides in training. We must trust the material to isolate a concept and through its manipulation the student will gain the full depth of the idea displayed in front of him or her. When is the child ready to move to pen and paper (work abstractly)? We understand this happens when the child demonstrates he or she has internalized the patterns, sequence, or logic of what is being presented and no longer needs the Montessori material to manipulate the concept to gain an accurate result.

In mathematics the material represents the abstract concepts of fundamental operations and assists in the development of the child’s “mathematical mind”. By manipulating the material the child has a logical, clear and visual way of grasping the concept. They can see and feel that 10 is more than 1 and that 1,000 is a quantity much larger than 1. Not just by the notion of memorizing a number or seeing it on paper but by the exercise of actually counting beads to internalize how much more counting is necessary to get to 1,000. This is extremely important when the child moves into dynamic operations (carrying the 1 to the next category). They get to visual and physically carry over to the next category. They see math and the manipulation of quantity and can then begin the process of analysis and working story problems, which brings them to the abstract of mathematic work. The most important gift the concrete material gives the child is to bring order and sequence to the understanding of mathematical computations, theorems, and problem solving.

Language work provides a fantastic break down of each function of words and with symbols and colors children are able to compartmentalize language and truly get a since of all the Parts of Speech and their use in a sentence. Sentence analysis work is what outside of Montessori is called diagraming sentences. This material is also a gift to the child in breaking down syntax and sentence structure and physically moving words in a sentence to truly understand its position in a sentence and purpose.

The beauty of Cosmic Education lies in all the charts and timelines that lays out an amazing amount of concepts that are presented in a concrete way that can be manipulated, organized, replicated and recompiled in a way that is meaningful to the child in the intent to internalize the concepts and expand beyond what they know. Only until the information is internalized can the child truly express him or herself abstractly.

In our classrooms the children enjoy the freedom to work with Montessori concrete material, books, educational objects (globe, maps), specimens, nomenclature (information cards), art supplies and lots and lots of paper to express their acquisition of new knowledge.

A key to our work in the classroom is to follow Dr. Montessori’s Golden Rule:

Never give more to the mind than you give to the hand.

Peek to the Elementary classrooms: